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PARTNERSHIP FIRMS IN INDIA
A partnership is a for-profit business association of two or more persons.

 

Partnership is defined as a relation between two or more persons who have agreed to share the profits of a business carried on by all of them or any of them acting for all. The owners of a partnership business are individually known as the “partners” and collectively as a “firm”.

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Partnership Firms

Partnership is the association of two or more persons. Partnership firm registration is not compulsory,However, unless a partnership firm is registered with the Registrar of Firms, the rights of the partners inter se or against strangers cannot be enforced in a court of law. Partnership firm are taxed separately and there is need to file separate income tax returns for your business.The major disadvantage, of course, is that the partners of a partnership firm are fully liable for the debts and obligations of the partnership. If your company is sued, then each partner will have to pay the damages and attorneys fees - and if the damages are steep, you could lose your shirt - and your house.


A limited partnership is similar to a general partnership except that the limited partners are only liable for what they put in to the partnership. Limited partners are like investors into the partnership - they can only lose what they invest. So to take the benefit of limited liability Partnership Firm.

Q 1 What is the meaning of firm?
Ans Partnership firm is an organization of two or more persons managed by anyone or all of them with intention to run business or industry and share the profits.
Q 2 What is the maximum and minimum number of persons to form a partnership firm?
Ans There must be minimum of 2 persons to form a partnership firm. If the firm is intended for financial transactions maximum of 10 and for other purposes maximum of 20 persons can form a firm (See Sec.11 (2) of Company law).
Q 3 What should be the duration of a firm?
Ans Partnership firm may be for any definite or indefinite duration. If no duration is mentioned, it shall be at `will' (See Sec.7 of Indian Partnership Act 1932).
Q 4 Is it necessary to form partnership firm through a document only?
Ans Generally yes. Stamp duty of Rs.100 shall be paid if capital of the firm does not exceed Rs.500 and Rs.500 of capital exceeds Rs.500 for the document.
Q 5 Is it compulsory to register partnership firm?
Ans No. If partnership firm not registered it will lead to the following conseQ uences:
a) It will not be possible to sue one partner against another partner or against the firm and vice versa in the court of law to claim right.
b) Partnership firm cannot sue third party in the court of law for enforcement of it's right (See Sec.69 of Partner ship Act 1932).
Q 6 Who has the authority to register partnership firm? To whom application is to made and in which form?
Ans District Registrar is Registrar of Firms in his District. Application may be made in Form No.1 for registration (See Sec. 57, 58 of Indian Partnership Act 1932).
Q 7 How and in what manner application is to be made for registration of partnership firm? Is there time limit for it?
Ans Application to be given to the Registrar of the District in which it is intended to be formed. There is no time limit.
Q 8 Will certificate of registration be given?
Ans Acknowledgement will be issued in Form C (See Sec.10)
Q 9 Can a firm be given any name?
Ans

Except names like Crown, Emperor, Empress, Imperial, King, Q ueen Royal pr any name signifying authority of Government any name may be given (See Sec.58 of Indian Partnership Act 1932).

Q 10 What are the other forms of registration and procedure?
Ans Change with name, place, opening of branches and closure, change in the partners or change in their address, release of minor's partnership and dissolution of partnership may be registered (See Sec.60, 61, 62 and 63 of the Act).
Q 11 Can any person inspect any records, register and obtain copy of it?
Ans Yes. Any records can be inspected or copy can be obtained on payment of prescribed fees (See Sec. 66 & 67).
Q 12 What are the procedures to be proved in an application for registration of a firm?
Ans Following are the particulars:
a) Name of the Firm;
b) Main place of business;
c) Other places of business;
d) Date of joining of each partner;
e) Each partner's name and address;
f) All the partners or their authorized agents shall sign the application and a gazetted officer, advocate, attorney, pleader or chartered accountant should attest such signatures (Rule 3 of Karnataka Registration of Firms Rules 1954).
Q 13 What is the difference between registrations of partnership deed and registration of firm?
Ans Partnership deed can be written on stamp paper and registered in Sub Registry Office like any other document. In this case only the deed is registered, which does not mean registration of firm. Firm can be registered after following the procedure laid down in Sec.59 of The Indian Partnership Act 1932. Provisions of the Act accrue only on such registration.
Q 14 Can a firm or company become partner of another firm?
Ans A firm cannot become partner of another firm but a company can become partner of a firm

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